Political Geography

Geography can be largely divided into physical geography, which focuses on the natural world, and human and cultural geography. Humans are both very abundant and very well organized, and this is reflected in political geography.

Most of Earth’s land areas have been divided into what political scientists call states, which include countries (or nations) and their territories, dependencies, and colonies. The exception is Antarctica, which is home to no real communities, let alone states. Seven nations maintain territorial claims on portions of Antarctica, however.

In simplest terms, a political map is a map that indicates national boundaries.

Unfortunately, politix is more complex than that. Countries around the world have different histories, different cultures and traditions, different forms of government and economies. They also form alliances with other countries.

A Changing Map ˆ

The earliest known political maps are said to be about 4,500 years old. Since then, the global political map has continued to change as nations come and go, grow or shrink, and form new alliances. More than 500 years ago, Portugal and Spain ushered in a colonial era which saw European powers conquering and exploiting lands around the world. Contemporary world political maps are still heavily influenced by colonialism. Indeed, many people say we’re living in a neocolonial (literally “new colonial”) era.

Of course, a lot has happened since Christopher Columbus (who was apparently a crypto-Jew) blundered into the West Indies, officially discovering the Americas in 1492.

East vs West ˆ

East vs West

Today, we hear a lot about “the West,” “Western ideals,” “Western democracy,” etc. In contrast, the East is commonly understood to be relatively poor, backwards, and authoritarian. But what exactly constitutes East and West?

The East-West concept is deeply embedded in history, with roots in ancient conflicts and historical milestones and evolving through cultural, religious, and geopolitical changes over centuries.

  1. Ancient Greece and Persia—The idea of East vs. West can be traced back to ancient Greece, particularly during the Greco-Persian Wars (5th century BCE). The Greeks viewed themselves as part of a distinct cultural and political entity (the West) in opposition to the Persian Empire (the East).
  2. Roman Empire—The Roman Empire further solidified this dichotomy. The division between the Eastern Roman Empire (later Byzantine Empire) and the Western Roman Empire exemplified the East-West divide.
  3. Medieval Period—The Great Schism of 1054 CE between the Roman Catholic Church in the West and the Eastern Orthodox Church in the East deepened the cultural and religious divisions between East and West.
  4. Renaissance and Enlightenment—During the Renaissance and Enlightenment periods in Europe, the concept of the “West” began to be associated with progress, rationality, and modernity, often contrasted with the “East,” which was viewed through an Orientalist lens as exotic and traditional.
  5. Colonial and Modern Eras—The age of exploration and colonialism expanded the concept of East vs. West beyond Europe and the Middle East to include Asia and, later, the global context during the Cold War, where the Western bloc (led by the United States) and the Eastern bloc (led by the Soviet Union) represented political, ideological, and economic divisions.

Loosely speaking, any country allied with the United States is often considered part of the Western bloc, regardless of its geographical location. The core Western powers include the U.S., Canada, and countries in Western Europe. However, countries such as Australia, Japan, and South Korea are also closely allied with the West. Since the fall of the Soviet Union, most European countries west of Russia, including those in Eastern Europe, have increasingly aligned with Western political and economic systems and can be considered part of the broader Western sphere.

The term “Eastern Powers” is less commonly used than “Western Powers.” However, the chief Eastern bogeymen in Western propaganda are generally Russia (formerly the Soviet Union) and China. Now that Iraq and Libya have been destroyed, the term Axis of Evil commonly embraces China, Russia, North Korea, and Iran.

North vs South ˆ

Global North vs Global South

In modern history, the countries that are more developed and industrialized, wealthier, and more powerful generally lie in the temperate regions of North America and Eurasia. Long exploited by Western powers, most countries in Africa, the Middle East, Latin America, and Oceania (a vast region embracing many islands groups in the Pacific Ocean) are much poorer and weaker. In recent times, the two regions have become popularly known as the Global North and Global South.

Bear in mind that not all countries fit neatly into West-East or North-South categories. One of the southern continents, Australia is associated with the Global North, for example.

Anglo-Zionist Empire ˆ

Anglo-Zionist Empire

The British Empire was the world’s biggest empire before it was downsized by both world wars. After WWII, the most powerful country was the U.S., which was formerly one of many colonies making up the British Empire. Canada, Australia, and New Zealand are also former members of the British Empire.

The U.S., Canada, United Kingdom, Australia, and New Zealand are anglophone countries. In other words, most of their citizens speak English.

By the 18th century, Jews had seized control of many important institutions in various European countries. They effectively controlled many of these countries, including Great Britain, France, and Germany. Many people believe the Soviet Union was controlled by Jews as well.

Eventually, the Jews spread into North America, where they similarly infiltrated various institutions and effectively seized control of Canada and the U.S.

Today, some people speak of an Anglo-Zionist empire, which essentially describes a coalition of anglophone and Zionist powers, including Israel, which was created after WWII.

NATO vs BRICS ˆ

BRICS

In 1949, the U.S., Canada, and several Western European nations formed the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) as a collective defense against the Soviet Union. Since then, NATO has expanded to include Turkey. Its mission has similarly diversified, with NATO morphing into what might be described as an international terrorist organization working for the Anglo-Zionist Empire.

NATO bombed a Chinese embassy in Serbia in 1999 and derstroyed Libya in 2011. It arguably sparked the war in Ukraine. Today, the U.S. government is reportedly plotting to enlist some of its Asian allies in NATO. A military spat between China and an Asian NATO member could thus drag all of NATO into the fray, instantly starting World War III.

In its frantic attempt to head off China’s rise in power, the U.S. has experimented with a number of new political alliances. Its adversaries and potential victims have responded in kind, with China, North Korea, Russia, and Iran strengthening their bonds. These four nations might be thought of as the Anti-NATO club.

However, an even more effective NATO deterrent might be BRICS, an acronym for Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa. Since its formation in 2006, BRICS’s membership has grown substantially. Its members primarily represent the Global South and wield enormous and growing economic and political clout.

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